Introduction: Obesity is a key risk factor for the development of OSA and if undiagnosed and untreated, may lead to serious complications. This study aims to determine the association of anthropometric measurements with risk for OSA, through utilization Berlin Questionnaire, among employees of Philippine Heart Center.
Methods: This is a cross sectional study conducted at the Philippine Heart Center. Employees of the Philippine Heart Center participants. Anthropometric measurements of 260 subjects were obtained and was assessed for high risk for OSA through Berlin questionnaire.
Result: Subjects who were high risk for OSA based on the Berlin Questionnaire were significantly more likely than those at low risk to have a n increased weight 73.9 ± 15.1 vs low risk 64.3 ± 13.2 (p value <0.001), increased BMI 28.5 ± 4.09 vs low risk 24.5 ± 4.1 (p value <0.001) ; bigger neck circumference 36.9 ± 3.7 vs low risk 34.9 ± 3.8 (p value 0.0003), larger waist circumference 91.8 ± 10.5 vs low risk 82.4 ± 12.7 (p value <0.001), greater hip circumference 102.9 ± 8.4 vs low risk 95.8 ± 10.7 (p value<0.001) and thigh circumference 56.8 ± 6.3 vs low risk 53.5 ± 8.5 (p value 0.0053). Increased BMI, waist circumference and waist to hip ratio were statistically significant risk factor for OSA.
Conclusion: Anthropometric measurements such as increased BMI, WC, WHR and snoring behavior, day time sleepiness or fatigue and the presence of obesity or hypertension can be high risk for OSA thus, only those patients would be cost effectively requested for sleep study for definitive and diagnosis and treatment.